Policy Resources

Click on the folders below to view the available resources.

Actionable Blue Carbon Ecosystems for Climate Mitigation and AdaptationAs an update to the earlier version published in 2021, this policy brief outlines the blue carbon ecosystems that are currently ‘actionable’ for climate mitigation, based on the best available science and existing management practices. Additionally, this policy brief identifies the ecosystems that are ‘emerging’ and may become actionable in the future (macroalgae, benthic sediments and mudflats), as well as ecosystems that do not currently have a mitigation pathway but offer other critical benefits for climate adaptation and resilience, biodiversity, and livelihoods (such as coral reefs, oyster reefs and marine fauna). This brief does not consider climate mitigation options that move ecosystems further from their natural state and have possible negative impacts on human health and wellbeing, such as kelp afforestation and ocean fertilization. Non-ecosystem-based options for ocean carbon dioxide removal (CDR) are also not considered in this brief.04/12/2023, , blue-carbon-initiative conservation-international ipbc
IPBC Overview Report on Coastal Blue Carbon Ecosystems in International Frameworks and Conventions – Sept 2023

This document provides an overview of the main international frameworks and conventions that address the conservation, restoration, and sustainable use of coastal blue carbon ecosystems. Some of these frameworks and conventions specifically include coastal blue carbon ecosystems as part of their Parties’ commitments, while others guide action towards other objectives that are strictly interconnected with coastal blue carbon ecosystems, such as the conservation of critical habitats and specific ecosystem types.

A National Blue Carbon Action Plan

Opportunities and recommendations for the US Administration and Congress prepared by Restore America’s Estuaries.

Blue Carbon: Integrating Ocean Ecosystems in Global Climate Action

An overview of blue carbon ecosystems and how they contribute to climate mitigation and adaptation.

The contribution of blue carbon ecosystems to climate change mitigation

Prepared by the Scientific and Technical Review Panel (STRP) of the Convention on Wetlands, this Briefing Note describes the spatial extent, ecological characteristics and condition of coastal blue carbon ecosystems across Ramsar sites.

Coastal blue carbon ecosystems. Opportunities for Nationally Determined Contributions. Policy Brief

This policy brief outlines how Parties have included coastal blue carbon ecosystems in their INDCs and NDCs (first round).

Coastal blue carbon: An introduction for policy makers08/01/2015ipbc