Science Resources

Click on the folders below to view the available resources.

Decades of Mangrove Forest Change: What Does it Mean for Nature, People and the Climate?10/05/2023
Into the Blue – Securing a Sustainable Future for Kelp Forests10/05/2023
IPBC Dialogue 2023 Summary Report24/04/2023
Implementation of blue carbon offset crediting for seagrass meadows, macroalgal beds, and macroalgae farming in Japan

A review of three blue carbon offset credit projects for seagrass meadows, macroalgal beds, and macroalgae farming implemented in Japan.

Ensuring the Sustainability of Blue Carbon Ecosystems

An introduction to the blue carbon initiatives being advanced in Japan.

Methodology for Tidal Wetland and Seagrass Restoration (VM0033)

This methodology outlines procedures to quantify net greenhouse gas emission reductions and removals resulting from project activities implemented to restore tidal wetlands.

Coastal Wetlands in National Greenhouse Inventories

Advice on reporting emissions and removal from management of blue carbon ecosystems.

Coastal Wetlands in National Greenhouse Inventories

By incorporating coastal wetland (or blue carbon) ecosystems into National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (NGGIs), countries can improve the continual monitoring and reporting of the condition of these ecosystems and recognise the valuable contribution they provide to climate change mitigation and adaptation.

The first national scale evaluation of organic carbon stocks and sequestration rates of coastal sediments along the West Sea, South Sea, and East Sea of South Korea

This study reports current organic carbon stocks and sequestration rates in the coastal areas of West Sea, South Sea, and East Sea of South Korea, encompassing entire intertidal areas using long-term field survey combined with remote sensing technology.

Restored mangrove forests in Perancak Estuary, Bali: 17 years of mangrove restoration in abandoned aquaculture ponds

This book highlights the milestones achieved over the 17 years of restoration of mangrove forests in Perancak Estuary, Indonesia (2004-2021). It also provides a synopsis of research and observation, public outreach and other activities related to mangrove ecosystem in the Indonesian Institute of Marine Research and Observation since 2004.

Catalyzing sustainable fisheries management through behaviour change interventions

A peer-reviewed article in Conservation Biology on the impact of a standardized small‐scale fisheries management intervention – Rare’s ‘Fish Forever’ program.

The Science of Changing Behaviour for Environmental Outcomes

A literature review of the science of changing behaviour for environmental outcomes.

REDD+ Methodology Framework (VM0007)

This methodology provides a set of modules for various components of a methodology for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). This methodology is applicable to forest lands, forested wetlands, forested peatlands and tidal wetlands that would be deforested or degraded in the absence of the project activity.

Natural and anthropogenic signatures on sedimentary organic matters across varying intertidal habitats in the Korean waters

In this study, sedimentary organic matters in the typical intertidal areas of South Korea were investigated to address year-round monthly distributions and site-specific sources.

Behavior Change Interventions in Practice

This document serves as a complement to Rare’s literature review on behavior change interventions specific to the environmental sector, by covering the how of behavioral design.

Wetlands exchange – Lessons Learned

The Wetlands Supplement was scoped following recommendations from the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice of the UNFCCC in 2010 and 2011 when gaps in the
2006 Guidelines
were identified.

Wetlands exchange – Lessons Learned

This document describes the outcomes of a workshop held by the International Partnership for Blue Carbon and University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia, July 2018 that addressed the implementation of the IPCC 2013 Wetlands Supplement.

Methodology for Rewetting Drained Temperate Peatlands (VM0036)

This methodology outlines procedures to estimate the reduction of net greenhouse gas emissions resulting from project activities implemented to rewet drained peatlands in temperate climatic regions. It allows for the estimation of GHG emissions from drained and rewetted peatlands and also accounts for changes in carbon stocks in selected non-peat carbon pools.

Coastal Blue Carbon in Practice

A manual for using the VCS Methodology for Tidal Wetland and Seagrass Restoration (VM0033).

Blue carbon manual

Manual by the Blue Carbon Initiative aimed at standardizing protocols for sampling methods, laboratory measurements, and analysis of blue carbon stocks and fluxes.

2013 IPCC Wetlands Supplement

The Wetlands Supplement extends the content of the “2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories” by filling gaps in the coverage and providing updated information reflecting scientific advances, including updating of emission factors.

Estimation of baseline carbon stock changes and greenhouse gas emissions from unplanned deforestation and unplanned wetland degradation (BL-UP) (VMD0007)

This module is part of VM0007 and allows for estimating carbon stock changes and GHG emissions related to unplanned deforestation and unplanned wetland degradation in the baseline scenario.